Yahoo Finance, by Randi Mann, Tue, January 12, 2021
On Tuesday, January 12, 2010, at 4:53 pm local time, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake devastated Haiti. 11 years later, the Caribbean country is still recovering.
The epicentre of the earthquake was near the town of Léogâne, approximately 25 km west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti’s capital.
Haiti has a rich history rooting back to 5000 BC. The area, which takes up three-eighths of the Hispaniola island, was under Spanish rule from 1492–1625 and French rule from 1625–1804 before the Haitian Revolution occurred, from 1791–1804, leading to its independence in 1804. The country then went through eras of empires, which is over-simplifying their history, all to say that the grounds that crumbled on Jan. 12, are deeply historic.
An estimated 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings were destroyed. Historical landmarks were also damaged beyond repair, including the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly building, the Port-au-Prince Cathedral, and the headquarters of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti.