FunTimes, By Oga Africa, Jan 01, 2021
On Haiti’s Independence Day, we explore the country’s African history and traditional African practices that were used in tandem with physical revolt during the Haitian Revolution.
The island formerly known as Hispaniola and Saint-Domingue, was originally inhabited by the Taino and Ciboney people. When the Spanish arrived on the island in 1492, they enslaved the natives. Most of the natives died due to ill treatment and European diseases. Colonists began bringing enslaved Africans to the island to work the fields.
Haiti, part of the Caribbean, was notorious for having the most brutal slave systems, with a high violence and death rate. As the most profitable island of the French during colonization, Haiti produced 60% of the coffee and 40% of the sugar being imported by Europe. In 1789, the island was made up of 550,000 enslaved Africans, 24,000 free mulattos and 32,000 European colonists.