Happy Birthday Jean-Jacques Dessalines, September 20, 1758 – October 17, 1806
Jean-Jacques Dessalines was a leader of the Haitian Revolution. He was the first independent leader of independent Haiti under the dictatorial constitution of 1801. He crowned himself Emperor of Haiti in 1805. He is remembered as one of the founding fathers of Haiti.
After the capture of Toussaint L’ouverture in 1802, Dessalines took over leadership of the revolution. He defeated the troops of Napoleon in 1803, and declared Haiti an independent nation in 1804. He was elected Governor-General by a Council of Generals in 1804. After he proclaimed himself Emperor in that same year, he ruled in that capacity until 1806.
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